Currently India boast of 4th largest auto market and 3rd largest road networks in the world but this progress and growth has dark side as well. Other than natural disasters and diseases, most of the deaths in our country are because of road accidents. India has recorded highest causalities via road accidents in the world.
In 2016, according to the reports 70% of people who lost their lives in road accidents were in the age group of 18-45 years. Tragically, majority of them were not just the sole earners of their families but asset to country which directly impacting GDP of the country.
Ravi Gaikwad RTO , Chief of Mumbai Borivali says that in majority of road accidents the causes which lead to causalities would have been easily prevented or controlled by implementing simple guidelines and checks that curb unsafe practices.
Average road deaths per year in India in last one decade is 1, 36,118 which is almost equal to losing a small Indian city. As the death toll from accidents is increasing year to year, the government is concentrating more on implementing road safety rules and guidelines that can help prevent accidents.
Ravi Gaikwad IPS who has been reporting and looking such cases since two decade has listed primary following reasons which lead to road accidents there on causalities in India.
There are diverse factors that contribute to accidents or mishaps on the road. Some major causes are as listed below:-
1. Over-Speeding:- One of the primary causes of road accidents, over-speeding and rash driving has caused a significant increase in the death toll. More than 40% of people involved in over-speeding are in their youth. No proper road safety authority and implementation has led to an increase in cases of negligence and rash driving.
2. Driving under the alcohol/drugs Influence: - Mr. Ravi Gaikwad has also realized that another major cause of accidents on the road is driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. Even though there are fines and checks that curb this practice, the lack of stringent implementation authorities has failed to keep this practice under control.
3. Improper safety gear or equipment- A major cause of road accidents is the lack of proper safety gear such as helmets, safety belts, among others. Failure to properly maintain vehicles also may lead to poor functioning leading to accidents or mishaps. This also includes regular vehicle maintenance, brake checks, checking tire pressure and other similar routine activities.
4. Bad weather conditions- There are weather conditions that can make driving more difficult. This includes foggy weather, rain, snow and other similar conditions. These situations can reduce visibility, make the roads more slippery and draw in other similar factors that hamper safe driving.
5. Bad roads or infrastructures- Last but not the least; the roads are also a significant cause for road accidents. According to one figure, due to bad roads in the country there are 22 road accidents every minute. Bad condition of roads contributes significantly to road accidents. Given the deaths of daily road accidents, there is tremendous pressure on the Central and State Governments to take some stern steps to prevent the deaths in accidents.
Ravi Gaikwad, Solapur says for all the above reasons a lot to be done by everyone not just government and authorities. He also added just by following traffic rules and driving safely on the road we can reduce up to 50% of these accidents there on deaths. This will happen not just by implementing rules via law and order but also via sensitization among masses around road safety in India.
In his personal capacity he has come forward and took an initiative to start a campaign "Shant Bharat Surakshit Bharat". This campaign spreads the awareness among riders and also motivates them to follow these safety rules. If riders will be self-motivated to follow the road safety rules then many road accidents can be avoided.
Mr. Ravi Gaikwad has just started the lamp which needs to be lightened up by masses to bring about the change of real shant and surakshit bharat i.e. law abiding and fewer deaths occurring via road accidents.