Understanding Male Infertility

Understanding Male Infertility
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Infertility is an escalating problem impacting couples worldwide. It is known to affect about 1 in 6 couples, and various studies conducted have revealed that about 1 in every 3 cases are due to fertility issues in male partner. Hence male fertility in current times is an alarming issue that needs to be given utmost attention. Dr Anagha Karkhanis, Director and IVF Consultant at Cocoon Fertility, tells about male infertility.

So what exactly is male infertility?

This is when a man has a reduced chance of making his female partner pregnant. The condition is based on the quality of his sperm cells. The below-mentioned factors of semen have a major impact on fertility:

Sperm Count: An imperative characteristic of semen is the concentration of sperms and their total number, in a given sample of semen.

Sperm Motility: An indispensable function of healthy sperm cells is their capacity to swim. It is usually measured as the fraction of mobile sperm cells in a semen sample.

Infertility problems can have many causes and may be determined by factors like genetics, overall health, sickness and nutritional contaminants. Moreover, a healthy lifestyle and appropriate diet are of prime importance. Some nutrients and diets are linked to superior fertility.

Factors that may cause male infertility

Male infertility is generally due to snags that affect either production or transportation of sperm. About two-thirds of infertile men face a problem with producing sperm. Either low numbers of sperm are produced or the sperms are functionally poor. The blockage of the Vas deference is seen in about 1 in 5 infertile men and is responsible for causing either complete or partial lack of sperm in semen.

Infertility issues in men can also arise due to hereditary causes, infections, hormone imbalance, torsions (means the twisting of testes in the scrotum), and the problem of varicocele or varicose veins of the testes, certain medications and damage caused by radiation. Apart from these; some less known causes of infertility are: sexual dysfunction and anti-sperm antibodies may not cause any problem. Mentioned below are a couple of clinical terms that are used in relation to male factor infertility.

Azoospermia- Defines complete lack of sperm in the semen sample. About 2 percent of the total male population is affected by this condition. It may be caused either due to lack of production of a sperms or due to a hindrance in the seminal ducts .

Impotence- Defines incapability to uphold an erection.

Oligospermia- The presence of less than twenty millions of total sperm per ml of semen sample.

Oligoasthenospermia- Poorly moving capacity of sperm.

Y Chromosome Deletion- A genetic condition where a bit of genetic material is missing from the Y chromosome that is absent or partly missing. This can lead to low count of sperms .

Varicocoele- It is an unusual enlargement of the veins that drain the deoxygenated blood from the testes. It more common on the left side and may lead to a reduced sperm creation by increasing temperature, lessening the flow of blood or altering hormone levels.

Necrospermia- A condition wherein all sperms in the semen sample are dead.

Retrograde Semen reflux- A condition in which sperm do not flow in a forward direction and hence tend to reflux into the bladder. It can be produced by surgical nerve injury leading to the bladder neck, diabetes and side effects of medications.

Teratospermia- Refers to sperms that are shaped abnormally.


Medical Treatments that can aid in improving sperm quality in men, thus bringing the couple close to embracing the dream of parenthood:

Artificial Insemination - This is a procedure in which sperms are instilled directly into the uterus to enable pregnancy.

Electro-therapy - This is an electrical stimulation of nerves to help release of sperm in men suffering from injuries of the spinal cord.

ICSI (Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection) - This is a process in which sperm is injected into an oocyte on specialised IVF equipment. This is one of the main treatments for male factor infertility.

TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration) and PESA- (Percutaneous Sperm Retrieval) - This is a clinical practice of surgical extraction of sperm from the testes.  

Donor Sperm- These are sperms that have been donated. This option is in cases of men with no sperm or very insufficient sperm. Potential donors are thoroughly screened for sexually transmitted diseases including HIV. Bodily, therapeutic and individual characteristics are provided to aid in matching various traits. By Law, donors need to remain anonymous.

The bottom lines are that infertility affects many men around the globe, but can be treated with timely medical assistance and intervention. Additionally, a healthy lifestyle and well-balanced diet are extremely significant in improving your sperm count.

Cocoon Fertility - +912271237070
Email - info@cocoonfertility.com
Website - http://www.cocoonfertility.c om
Cocoon Fertility Branches- Thane, Versova, Dadar, Santacruz, Pune, Kochin. 

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